Nickel carbonyl

1,650.002,860.00

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IUPAC name

Tetracarbonylnickel
Other names

Nickel tetracarbonyl
Nickel carbonyl
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
6122797
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.322 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 236-669-2
3135
PubChem CID
RTECS number
  • QR6300000
UNII
UN number 1259
Properties
Ni(CO)4
Molar mass 170.73 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid[1]
Odor musty,[1] like brick dust
Density 1.319 g/cm3
Melting point −17.2 °C (1.0 °F; 256.0 K)
Boiling point 43 °C (109 °F; 316 K)
0.018 g/100 mL (10 °C)
Solubility miscible in most organic solvents
soluble in nitric acidaqua regia
Vapor pressure 315 mmHg (20 °C)[1]
Viscosity 3.05 x 10−4 Pa s
Structure
Tetrahedral
Tetrahedral
zero
Thermochemistry
320 J K−1 mol−1
−632 kJ/mol
−1180 kJ/mol
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Buy Nickel carbonyl online

Nickel carbonyl (IUPAC name: tetracarbonylnickel) is the organonickel compound with the equation Ni(CO)4. This dry fluid is the vital carbonyl of nickel. It is halfway in the Mond interaction for creating extremely high-virtue nickel and a reagent in organometallic science, albeit the Mond Process has dropped out of normal use because of the wellbeing risks in working with the compound. This substance is perhaps the most perilous substance yet experienced in nickel science because of its high harmfulness, compounded with high instability and quick skin assimilation.

Uses of Nickel Carbonyl

Metal carbonyls have the overall equation Mex(CO)y and are framed by a blend of the metal (Me) with carbon monoxide (CO). The actual properties of some metal carbonyls are recorded in table 1. Most are solids at customary temperatures, however, the substance, iron pentacarbonyl and ruthenium pentacarbonyl are fluids, and cobalt hydrocarbonyl is a gas. This article centers around the substance, which, due to its unpredictability, uncommon poisonousness, and mechanical significance merits exceptional consideration concerning word-related toxicology. Since iron pentacarbonyl and cobalt hydrocarbonyl likewise have high fume pressing factors and potential for inadvertent arrangement, they warrant genuine thought as conceivable word-related poisons. Most metal carbonyls respond vivaciously with oxygen and oxidizing substances, and some touch off unexpectedly. Upon openness to air and light, nickel carbonyl breaks down to carbon monoxide and particulate nickel metal, cobalt hydrocarbonyl decays to cobalt octacarbonyl and hydrogen, and iron pentacarbonyl deteriorates to press nonacarbonyl and carbon monoxide.

 

 

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Nickel carbonyl

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